FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay Information) — In a discovering that ought to ease mother and father’ minds, new analysis exhibits that fewer American teenagers are having intercourse and most of those that do are utilizing some type of contraception.
However scientists additionally discovered that sexual violence has change into extra widespread amongst highschool college students and condom use has declined.
“Many younger individuals change into sexually lively throughout highschool,” mentioned research co-author Laura Lindberg, a principal analysis scientist on the Guttmacher Institute, the nonprofit analysis group that printed the report on Sept. 20.
“It’s crucial to make sure that all younger individuals have entry to complete sexuality schooling and sexual and reproductive well being care companies to help their sexual and reproductive decision-making,” Lindberg mentioned in a Guttmacher information launch.
For the research, the researchers examined nationwide surveys of highschool college students carried out in 2013, 2015 and 2017 by the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention. The group regarded for tendencies in sexual exercise, use of contraception and publicity to sexual violence.
Their findings revealed a dramatic drop within the variety of sexually lively teenagers.
The research confirmed that 40 % of U.S. highschool college students reported that they ever had intercourse in 2017. That is the lowest stage of sexual habits amongst teenagers since scientists started to maintain monitor in 1991.
Fewer teenagers of all races and ethnicities reported having intercourse, the research confirmed. However the researchers famous this decline was most pronounced amongst black college students.
Teenagers usually tend to change into sexually lively as they become older, the research confirmed. Simply 20 % of highschool freshmen surveyed had ever had intercourse. The identical was true for 57 % of seniors.
Of the kids who mentioned they have been sexually lively, almost 90 % used some type of contraception the final time they’d intercourse. In 54 % of those encounters, the kids used condoms. Solely 16 % of the sexually lively ladies and 10 % of the sexually lively boys surveyed admitted they’d not used any contraceptive the final time they’d intercourse.
Youthful teenagers failed to make use of contraception extra typically: Roughly 20 % of ninth-graders mentioned they did not use a contraceptive the final time they’d intercourse, in comparison with 10 % of seniors.
The researchers additionally discovered the usage of long-acting reversible contraceptives (comparable to IUDs and contraceptive implants) amongst teenagers, which have change into extra in style amongst older ladies, jumped from 2 % in 2013 to five % by 2017.
In the meantime, condom use dropped from 59 % to 54 % throughout this time-frame. The researchers argued that teenagers want extra schooling and entry to condoms since charges of sexually transmitted illnesses amongst younger persons are on the rise.
The research additionally revealed that sexual violence amongst teenagers has change into extra widespread.
In 2017, 10 % of scholars reported experiencing sexual violence, comparable to pressured kissing, touching or rape, up to now yr.
The proportion of younger ladies uncovered to this abuse was 3 times as excessive as amongst boys. The proportion of scholars who recognized as homosexual, lesbian or bisexual who confronted this sexual violence was additionally almost 3 times as excessive as heterosexual teenagers.
“Consent is a crucial part of intercourse schooling, not solely to forestall sexual violence, however to advertise wholesome communication and growth of fulfilling relationships,” mentioned Jesseca Boyer, a Guttmacher coverage skilled. “All younger individuals want and have the proper to data, schooling, abilities and companies to help their sexual and reproductive well being and well-being.”
The American Academy of Pediatrics gives extra on adolescent sexual well being.